CyberArk Privileged Account Security Architecture

Privileged accounts on a system possess higher authorizations and control. These accounts pose a higher risk if they are compromised. Privileged Identity Management solutions aim to address this by providing security and control over these accounts. CyberArk is a major provider that offers privileged account security and is backed by a patented vaulting technology. CyberArk enables organizations to secure, provision, manage, control and monitor activities associated with privileged accounts.

The following presentation describes privileged account security and the architecture of a CyberArk implementation. The various components of the CyberArk architecture and their functionalities are also discussed.

 

Integrating CyberArk’s PAS Solution With DUO’s 2FA

CyberArk’s PAS solution uses the Password Vault Web Access System which provides the method by which users request passwords and high-level administrators approve the requests. Access to this system should be as secure as possible. Integrating with a multi-factor authentication system like Duo would make the login process more secure by authenticating the user based on LDAP password as well as the response received by the Duo Authentication Proxy using Duo Push setup on the user’s mobile device.

In the current demo, an LDAP user with the name “testuser” is created on the Active Directory Domain Controller as well as the DUO instance.

Once the accounts have been created, the DUO Authentication Proxy is setup and is configured as the primary LDAP host for authentication.

The Duo Authentication Proxy is a service that runs either on Windows or Linux. It is configured by using the file authproxy.cfg 

The details of the Duo instance and the details of the LDAP server which is being used for primary authentication are configured in authproxy.cfg

The firewall must allow outbound traffic to the Duo instance using HTTPS.

Only on successful primary and secondary authentication, access to the PVWA is granted.

Active Directory Application Configuration – Test Connection Failure in IdentityIQ 7.2

Issue Description:

As part of Active Directory Application Configuration in IdentityIQ 7.2, “Test Connection”  failing with below error message.

In IdentityIQ 7.2, the Active Directory connector supports multiple Active Directory (AD) forests through one application definition.
While defining the Active Directory application through the IdentityIQ user interface in version 7.2, we do not have the option to mention the server details in Domain configuration settings.

Even though we do not specify any server details, the default configuration tries to connect to “localhost“, similar to the default port configuration which is “389“.

We see the below error message when we click on the “Test Connection”

2018-09-04 05:05:12,551 ERROR http-nio-8080-exec-6 sailpoint.web.ApplicationObjectBean:2701 – Connector failed.sailpoint.connector.ConnectorException: Failed to connect to – dc=enhcorp,dc=com : Failed to connect to server:ldap
dc=enhcorp,dc=com localhost:389

Resolution:

 

Modify the Application xml file to include the DC servers details.
Below is the example modification.

From

<entry key=”domainSettings”>
<value>
<List>
<Map>
<entry key=”authorizationType” value=”simple”/>
<entry key=”domainDN” value=”DC=enhcorp,DC=com”/>
<entry key=”password” value=”1:iIopEeOL5KrLoSjYKvh/Ww==”/>
<entry key=”port” value=”389″/>
<entry key=”servers”/>
<entry key=”useSSL”>
<value>
<Boolean></Boolean>
</value>
</entry>
<entry key=”user” value=”ENHCORP\Administrator”/>
</Map>
</List>
</value>
</entry>
To
<entry key=”domainSettings”>
<value>
<List>
<Map>
<entry key=”authorizationType” value=”simple”/>
<entry key=”domainDN” value=”DC=enhcorp,DC=com”/>
<entry key=”password” value=”1:iIopEeOL5KrLoSjYKvh/Ww==”/>
<entry key=”port” value=”389″/>
<entry key=”servers”>
<value>
<List>
<String>172.16.153.185</String>
</List>
</value>
<entry key=”useSSL”>
<value>
<Boolean></Boolean>
</value>
</entry>
<entry key=”user” value=”ENHCORP\Administrator”/>
</Map>
</List>
</value>
</entry>

Active Directory – Exchange Provisioning errors in Sailpoint Identity IQ

Issue Description:

Active Directory Provisioning along with Exchange attributes failing with below error message.

Errors returned from IQService. Connecting to remote server win-g303o4860qk.enhcorp.com failed with the following error message: The username or password is incorrect. For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic.

 

 

Troubleshooting steps:

  • Verified the User/Password details by logging in to the Domain controller as Domain Admin (the user which was used in Active Directory Application Configuration)
  • Verified and restarted Exchange services which were failed to start by default.

  • Enabled logging for AD Connector and observed the below messages.
    • 2018-08-31 02:07:09,515 DEBUG Workflow Event Thread 1 sailpoint.connector.ADLDAPConnector:3503 – 1239254649 Entering handleObjectRequest2018-08-31 02:07:10,796 ERROR Workflow Event Thread 1 sailpoint.connector.ADLDAPConnector:3380 – 1239254649 Exception occurred in handling Object Request.sailpoint.tools.GeneralException: Errors returned from IQService. Connecting to remote server win-g303o4860qk.enhcorp.com failed with the following error message: The username or password is incorrect. For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic.
  • Launched Exchange Management Shell and observed below error messages
    • VERBOSE: Connecting to WIN-G303O4860QK.enhcorp.com.New-PSSession : [win-g303o4860qk.enhcorp.com] Connecting to remote server win-g303o4860qk.enhcorp.com failed with the following error message: WinRM cannot complete the operation. Verify that the specified computer name is valid, that the computer is accessible over the network, and that a firewall exception for the WinRM service is enabled and allows access from this computer. By default, the WinRM firewall exception for public profiles limits accesses to remote computers within the same local subnet. For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic.At line:1 char:1

      + New-PSSession -ConnectionURI “$connectionUri” -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Excha …

 

Resolution:

Active Directory-Direct connector reads Exchange Server attributes by connecting to the Active Directory.

But, for provisioning any Exchange attributes, connector needs access to remote Powershell via IQService.

Windows Remote Management (WinRM) is a feature of Windows that allows

administrators to remotely run management scripts. WinRM Service should be running and that

should also be set up for Remote Management using the Enable-PSRemoting -force.

 

Enable PowerShell remoting in the domain using below cmdlet in Exchange Management Shell.

>Enable-PSRemoting -Force

Split Brain Scenario in CyberArk

In high availability clustering, split-brain is a problem scenario that can occur when one of the nodes fails. Within a CyberArk implementation with disaster recovery enabled, a split-brain condition might arise if high availability is not configured as per the recommendations.

The following presentation discusses split-brain scenario in a CyberArk implementation and how it can be resolved:

Sailpoint IIQ Activity Data Sources

Monitoring and analysis of events that occur on a system is crucial to identify threats and generate timely alerts. It is also significant to identify by whom such events were caused if it was triggered by a user. Sailpoint IdentityIQ allows us to keep track of identity activity on various targets using Activity Data Sources. When configured, this allows us to track activity like logon times, security events, or application activity among other actions.

The following presentation discusses how Activity Data Sources can be configured on IdentityIQ for basic Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) with an example use-case:

The following demonstration presents the use case for identifying activity based policy violations by setting up Activity Data Sources:

Securing IIQ SPAdmin Account Using CyberArk PAM

In an enterprise, a large number of privileged accounts are spread over various applications and systems. These accounts have higher authorizations and hence need to be handled with higher security. CyberArk‘s Privileged Account Management solution is targeted at achieving this.

In SailPoint IdentityIQ, accounts can have the highest privilege in form of the ‘System Administrator’ capability. The ‘spadmin’ account that comes out-of-the-box is configured to have this privileged access. This account, if managed by the CyberArk PAM solution, improves safety of the IdentityIQ environment.

 

The following presentation discusses this use case and how it can be implemented using CyberArk PAM:

The following video demonstrates the use-case in action for verifying and changing spadmin password from CyberArk and initiating privileged sessions:

SailPoint’s IdentityIQ Integration with Okta

In the world of Identity Management, securing and monitoring the access for the external users like partners, contractors and customers who have access to organizational resources have always been a challenge for many organizations. To mitigate and help the organizations to secure their resources two big Identity management products partnered together in February 2018. Okta and SailPoint announced a strategic partnership to provide an end-to-end identity for the enterprise – helping organizations balance providing simple, secure user access while meeting complex compliance and security requirements.

Benefits of the Combined Solutions

• Effectively manage user identities’ authentication, application assignments, while ensuring all governance and compliance requirements are met.

• Authenticate user access with single sign-on and multi-factor authentication.

• Ensure that for sensitive applications, only the right user has access, authorization policies are enforced, and the process is documented, timestamped and compliant.

• Automate provisioning throughout the user lifecycle by simplifying processes for creating, modifying and revoking access.

• Automate provisioning of applications adherent to corporate policies.

• Trigger provisioning workflows from authoritative sources, such as Active Directory or HR systems, to ensure consistency and increase efficiency.

Below presentation demonstrates Okta, IdentityIQ, SSO Concepts, Importance of SailPoint’s IdentityIQ integration to achieve SSO. The presentation is followed by a demo.

Okta and SailPoint IIQ Integration

Demo of SailPoint’s IIQ and Okta Integration.

 

Sailpoint IdentityIQ – Perform Maintenance Task

The Perform Maintenance Task in Sailpoint’s IdentityIQ plays a crucial role in ensuring that background maintenance activities are carried out periodically.

The following presentation is an attempt to deep dive into :

  • XML object structure of the Perform Maintenance Task
  • Native Java-based Sailpoint  objects associated with the Perform Maintenance Task
  • Understanding the flow of execution of the Perform Maintenance Task

 

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Sailpoint IdentityIQ Integration with Oracle E-Business Suite

Oracle E-Business Suite is the most comprehensive suite of integrated, global business applications that enable organizations to make better decisions, reduce costs, and increase performance. All large enterprises use ERP systems for managing and optimizing enterprise-wide business processes. ERP systems like Oracle E-Business Suite are mission-critical which processes a huge amount of business-critical data.

Oracle EBS includes the company’s enterprise resource planning (ERP) product as well as Oracle Human Resources Management System (HRMS), Oracle Financials, Oracle Order Management and customer relationship management (CRM) applications. Each application is licensed separately enabling organizations to select the combination best suited for their business processes.

The Sailpoint Oracle E-Business connector is designed to aggregate user and entitlement data from the Oracle E-Business Suite, and provision user accounts.The Oracle EBS connector only targets APPS schema tables according to Oracle standards.

Sailpoint Connector for EBS User Management Aggregates and provisions EBS user accounts along with their role and responsibility assignments. It helps EBS customers to achieve compliant user administration by enforcing the Segregation of Duties (SoD) policies in real-time during role and responsibility grants.

In this presentation, we are going to see how the Sailpoint IdentityIQ is an innovative identity Governance solution that reduces the cost and complexity of both complying with regulations and delivering access to Oracle E-Business Suite users.

 

 

 

The Following Demo presents the use case of  Birth Right Provisioning and Implementing Security in Oracle E-Business Suite using Role Based Access Control.